Johnny Leonard Roosevelt “Pepper” Martin (February 29, 1904 - March 5, 1965) helped define the rough-and-tumble, raggedy Gashouse Gang clad in their dirty, smelly uniforms. Their scrappy play and fierce competitiveness, however, made them a force to be reckoned with. Prominent members of the hillbilly clan were Hall of Famers Dizzy Dean, Leo Durocher and Joe Medwick, led by Frankie Frisch. Martin played for the Cardinals from 1928-1940 and again in 1944 returning to the Major League due to the shortage of players during World War II. Pepper Martin was a four time All-Star selection and was a member of two World Series champions (1931, 1944). During the 1931 World Series, Martin starred for the Cardinals as he batted .500 with a record 12 hits including 4 doubles and a home run while driving in 5RBIs. Pepper Martin retired with a career .298 batting average adding 1,227 hits, 756 runs, 146 stolen bases and 501 RBI. When his playing days ended, Pepper managed in the minor league system until 1959.