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Claude Rossman

1909-1911 T206 White Border

The 1909 to 1911 T206 baseball card set has long been considered one of the most, if not the most, important issues in the entire hobby. The visual appeal of the cards, the immense size of the set, and the incredible player selection make this treasure a collector favorite. Along with the 1933 Goudey and 1952 Topps sets, the classic T206 set is one of “The Big Three” in the world of baseball cards.

You can easily make the argument that “The Monster,” as it is commonly referred to, is truly the pinnacle of all trading cards sets. It is much larger than the 1933 Goudey set, requiring more than twice the amount of cards to complete. It is also arguably more visually appealing than the 1952 Topps set due to the superb artwork used in the design.

Furthermore, the 524-card T206 set is home to the most valuable trading card in the world, the card that has become the symbol of the hobby itself. Of course, I am referring to the Mona Lisa of trading cards . . . the T206 Honus Wagner. The Wagner card shares the limelight with 75 other cards featuring members of baseball’s Hall of Fame, but it is worth more than the other 523 cards combined, assuming they are in the same condition. At the time of this writing (2009), the highest price ever paid for any trading card was $2.8 million, a Wagner example that was graded NM-MT 8 by Professional Sports Authenticator, the leading third-party authentication and grading service.

The Wagner card is so desirable that even low-grade copies that receive only a Poor 1 on a scale of 1 to 10 (the lowest possible grade on the PSA grading scale) have fetched $400,000 at auction. The card, like the set itself, has taken on a life of its own and become an iconic collectible. While Wagner was a true legend of the game and one of the greatest shortstops in baseball history, the card depicting this Hall of Fame member has certainly surpassed the man himself in terms of fame.

Yes, the T206 set may be the most significant release in hobby history. Yes, Honus Wagner was one of the most significant players ever to put on a uniform. Yes, after being pulled from production early on by the manufacturer, only 50 or so examples of this card are known to exist, making it one of the true rarities in the trading card world. All of these facts may be true, but the reason why the T206 Wagner has reached such lofty heights in value is the story behind the man and the card.

The most prevalent misconception about this great card is that it is the rarest of the rare, resulting in its staggering value. What may come as a surprise to most casual collectors or even noncollectors is the fact that the T206 Wagner is not nearly as scarce as some other notable trading card rarities. The number of surviving copies is only part of the story.

There is more than one theory behind the rarity of the card, including a simple contract dispute theory. Many people believe Honus Wagner wanted his card pulled from production because Wagner, though an avid user of tobacco himself, did not want to promote tobacco to children since the cards were packaged with various brands of cigarettes. Knowing what we now know about the dangers of tobacco, especially as it relates to cigarettes, this stance taken by Wagner over 100 years ago becomes all the more interesting.

As with most other great collectibles, such as autographs, game-used equipment, and original photographs, the stories behind the items make them interesting and desirable. Every collectible, in its own way, is a conversation piece. How were these cards distributed? What makes this game-used bat special? Why did Babe Ruth sign this particular document? Every collectible has a story.

This is also true of every figure the collectible relates to, and that is what makes this particular book different from so many of the published hobby guides released over the years. If Honus Wagner were a relatively unknown player, would his T206 card carry the value it has today? No. If a Mickey Mantle game-used bat was instead used by Mickey Vernon, would it be worth anywhere near the same amount? No. Would a baseball signed by Jackie Robinson and one signed by Jackie Jensen be valued the same? No. I think you get the point.

Above all, it is the story behind the person that drives the majority of the value. Otherwise, it may be just a card or just a bat or just a ball. More often than not, it is the sports figure’s name that makes the collectible special. This book takes a look at each individual pictured on the cards, from superstars of the day like Ty Cobb and Cy Young to lesser-known major and minor leaguers like Clyde Engle and Bill Cranston. Each player has a story and each player contributed to the game . . . and all of them are part of the “monstrosity” known as the T206 set.

Today, we see virtually everything and know almost everything about current players, both on and off the field. In some cases, I would argue that we are presented with too much information, but this is the culture we live in today. With the immense sports coverage on television and the multitude of Internet sites devoted to sports, it seems as if the modern athlete cannot move a muscle without being caught on camera.

We do not have that luxury when it comes to learning about baseball players who were active during the early part of the 20th century. We often have to rely on period photographs and statistical information, at least whatever statistics can be found, in order to paint the picture of a time long past, to tell the story of the players who made history before history was documented on film after every pitch, every swing, and every catch.

That is what this book is all about, the story behind each man found in this legendary set, men who put on a uniform during a time when the equipment was a bit crude and the game wasn’t plagued by performance-enhancing-drug controversies. The game of baseball, no matter the era, is a terrific sport. Somehow, it is complicated yet simple at the same time. Its combatants must use almost equal combinations of brain and brawn in order to defeat their foes, perhaps more so than in any other sport.

Like the game of chess, every move has an impact on the outcome. For the astute fan, there are many games within the game that go unnoticed by the casual spectator, but it is all part of what makes baseball so interesting. The subtle communication between defenders as they position themselves before each hitter, the tension between a base runner trying to steal a base and the catcher trying to stop him, and managers trying to outthink each other on every play are all part of the complicated dance known as baseball. Complexity defines the sport, and that term may best describe the iconic T206 set.

- Joe Orlando: The T206 Collection: The Players and Their Stories

Claude R. Rossman

Born: June 17, 1881 - Philmont, NY
Died: January 16, 1928 - Poughkeepsie, NY
Batted: LH
Threw: LH
Position: 1B
Career BA: .283

Cleveland Naps AL (1904, 1906)
Detroit Tigers AL (1907–1909)
St. Louis Browns AL (1909)

Modern baseball has seen a handful of strange cases where a major league player simply lost the ability to throw a baseball, but the founding father of the syndrome has to be Claude Rossman. A big contributor at first base for the Tigers’ 1907 and 1908 pennant-winning seasons, he was skilled at laying down bunts with Ty Cobb at first, often allowing Cobb to advance from first to third. He hit .294 in 1908 with 2 homers and 71 RBI, good for fourth in the AL in slugging percentage, sixth in batting average, fifth in RBI, and third in total bases. He was out of MLB a year later because he often froze in the field when he had to throw the ball from his first-base position, allowing runners to advance while he refused to risk a throw. However, Rossman was able to put together five good seasons as an outfielder in the minors for the American Association’s Minneapolis Millers, batting .356 in 1911, .322 in 1912, and .302 in 1913. His health then deteriorated and he retired from the game in 1914. His “freezing” quirk foreshadowed a decline in neurological and mental health, which eventually led to his death at 46 in a Poughkeepsie mental hospital.

– Tom and Ellen Zappala, The T206 Collection: The Players and Their Stories 

Click link to see a complete population breakdown by tobacco brand/back.

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MINT 9
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
2 NM-MT 8
3 NM 7 (11)

Prices By Grade


Grade Most Recent Price Average Price SMR Price Population POP Higher
GEM - MT 10
MINT 9 $5,850.00
NM - MT 8 $2,014.50 $2,300.00
NM 7 $814.00 $700.00 5
EX - MT 6 $290.00 6 5
EX 5 $102.52 $102.52 $150.00 23 11
VG - EX 4 $66.00 $66.00 $85.00 27 34
VG 3 $49.99 $62.50 $50.00 20 63
GOOD 2 $30.80 $30.80 $32.00 4 84
FR 1.5 90
PR 1 $16.00 5 90
Auth 96

Auction Prices Realized

Date Price Grade Lot # Auction House Auction/Seller Type Cert
06/19/2020 $50 3 164252166148 eBay valleybaseballcards Buy It Now 03724798
06/16/2020 $75 3 363018115446 eBay daprzyb-0 Auction 06097822
09/10/2019 $66 4 143369802197 eBay pwcc_auctions Auction 30891189
12/28/2018 $31 2 163388974247 eBay cooperstownsportscards Buy It Now 12139929
08/12/2018 $38 3 401576187269 eBay pwcc_auctions Auction 31514926
03/12/2017 $103 5 142299102978 eBay pwcc_auctions Auction 30867093
01/01/2013 $2,015 8 242 Robert Edward Auctions 2013 Auction Auction 06139572
08/07/2007 $814 7 53 SCP Auctions SCP Auctions September 2007 Internet Auction Auction 04214854
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