Bob Groom - 1909-1911 T206 White Border

The 1909 to 1911 T206 baseball card set has long been considered one of the most, if not the most, important issues in the entire hobby. The visual appeal of the cards, the immense size of the set, and the incredible player selection make this treasure a collector favorite. Along with the 1933 Goudey and 1952 Topps sets, the classic T206 set is one of “The Big Three” in the world of baseball cards.

You can easily make the argument that “The Monster,” as it is commonly referred to, is truly the pinnacle of all trading cards sets. It is much larger than the 1933 Goudey set, requiring more than twice the amount of cards to complete. It is also arguably more visually appealing than the 1952 Topps set due to the superb artwork used in the design.

Furthermore, the 524-card T206 set is home to the most valuable trading card in the world, the card that has become the symbol of the hobby itself. Of course, I am referring to the Mona Lisa of trading cards . . . the T206 Honus Wagner. The Wagner card shares the limelight with 75 other cards featuring members of baseball’s Hall of Fame, but it is worth more than the other 523 cards combined, assuming they are in the same condition. At the time of this writing (2009), the highest price ever paid for any trading card was $2.8 million, a Wagner example that was graded NM-MT 8 by Professional Sports Authenticator, the leading third-party authentication and grading service.

The Wagner card is so desirable that even low-grade copies that receive only a Poor 1 on a scale of 1 to 10 (the lowest possible grade on the PSA grading scale) have fetched $400,000 at auction. The card, like the set itself, has taken on a life of its own and become an iconic collectible. While Wagner was a true legend of the game and one of the greatest shortstops in baseball history, the card depicting this Hall of Fame member has certainly surpassed the man himself in terms of fame.

Yes, the T206 set may be the most significant release in hobby history. Yes, Honus Wagner was one of the most significant players ever to put on a uniform. Yes, after being pulled from production early on by the manufacturer, only 50 or so examples of this card are known to exist, making it one of the true rarities in the trading card world. All of these facts may be true, but the reason why the T206 Wagner has reached such lofty heights in value is the story behind the man and the card.

The most prevalent misconception about this great card is that it is the rarest of the rare, resulting in its staggering value. What may come as a surprise to most casual collectors or even noncollectors is the fact that the T206 Wagner is not nearly as scarce as some other notable trading card rarities. The number of surviving copies is only part of the story.

There is more than one theory behind the rarity of the card, including a simple contract dispute theory. Many people believe Honus Wagner wanted his card pulled from production because Wagner, though an avid user of tobacco himself, did not want to promote tobacco to children since the cards were packaged with various brands of cigarettes. Knowing what we now know about the dangers of tobacco, especially as it relates to cigarettes, this stance taken by Wagner over 100 years ago becomes all the more interesting.

As with most other great collectibles, such as autographs, game-used equipment, and original photographs, the stories behind the items make them interesting and desirable. Every collectible, in its own way, is a conversation piece. How were these cards distributed? What makes this game-used bat special? Why did Babe Ruth sign this particular document? Every collectible has a story.

This is also true of every figure the collectible relates to, and that is what makes this particular book different from so many of the published hobby guides released over the years. If Honus Wagner were a relatively unknown player, would his T206 card carry the value it has today? No. If a Mickey Mantle game-used bat was instead used by Mickey Vernon, would it be worth anywhere near the same amount? No. Would a baseball signed by Jackie Robinson and one signed by Jackie Jensen be valued the same? No. I think you get the point.

Above all, it is the story behind the person that drives the majority of the value. Otherwise, it may be just a card or just a bat or just a ball. More often than not, it is the sports figure’s name that makes the collectible special. This book takes a look at each individual pictured on the cards, from superstars of the day like Ty Cobb and Cy Young to lesser-known major and minor leaguers like Clyde Engle and Bill Cranston. Each player has a story and each player contributed to the game . . . and all of them are part of the “monstrosity” known as the T206 set.

Today, we see virtually everything and know almost everything about current players, both on and off the field. In some cases, I would argue that we are presented with too much information, but this is the culture we live in today. With the immense sports coverage on television and the multitude of Internet sites devoted to sports, it seems as if the modern athlete cannot move a muscle without being caught on camera.

We do not have that luxury when it comes to learning about baseball players who were active during the early part of the 20th century. We often have to rely on period photographs and statistical information, at least whatever statistics can be found, in order to paint the picture of a time long past, to tell the story of the players who made history before history was documented on film after every pitch, every swing, and every catch.

That is what this book is all about, the story behind each man found in this legendary set, men who put on a uniform during a time when the equipment was a bit crude and the game wasn’t plagued by performance-enhancing-drug controversies. The game of baseball, no matter the era, is a terrific sport. Somehow, it is complicated yet simple at the same time. Its combatants must use almost equal combinations of brain and brawn in order to defeat their foes, perhaps more so than in any other sport.

Like the game of chess, every move has an impact on the outcome. For the astute fan, there are many games within the game that go unnoticed by the casual spectator, but it is all part of what makes baseball so interesting. The subtle communication between defenders as they position themselves before each hitter, the tension between a base runner trying to steal a base and the catcher trying to stop him, and managers trying to outthink each other on every play are all part of the complicated dance known as baseball. Complexity defines the sport, and that term may best describe the iconic T206 set.

- Joe Orlando: The T206 Collection: The Players and Their Stories

Robert “Bob” Groom

Born: September 12, 1884 - Belleville, IL
Died: February 19, 1948 - Belleville, IL
Batted: RH
Threw: RH
Position: P
MLB Pitching Record: 119–150
ERA: 3.10

Washington Senators AL (September 12, 1884 - February 19, 1948)
St. Louis Terriers FL (1914–1915)
St. Louis Browns AL (1916–1917)
Cleveland Indians AL (1918)

In a decade of baseball, Bob Groom saw the pinnacles and pitfalls of big-league pitching. An Illinois native, Groom broke in with the Washington Senators in 1909 just in time to play on a team that lost 110 games. The Senators were one of the worst teams in baseball history, and Groom took the brunt of it going 7–26 despite a decent 2.87 ERA. Some of his woes were self-inflicted, as he walked a league-high 105 batters.

Not one Washington starter batted over .300, and the club managed to accomplish the unthinkable—they made the great Walter Johnson look bad. That season, The Big Train lost 25 games. After two consecutive 17-loss seasons, Groom posted a 24–13 record in 1912 and the Senators won 91 games. Groom struck out 179 batters with an ERA of 2.62. He would lose 20 games for the St. Louis Terriers of the Federal League in 1914 and drop 19 games for the St. Louis Browns in 1917. Both marks led the league. Despite these poor records, Groom did garner respect among his peers. No less than Ty Cobb once named Groom to a list of the toughest pitchers in the game.

After the 1918 season, Groom returned home to Belleville to run the family coal business, staying involved in the game by managing several amateur teams. Groom was a hard-throwing right-hander who could really make the ball dance. Sadly, his teams most often fell short. In fact, he played on three second place clubs in 10 years. I guess you could say that this was one Groom who was also a bridesmaid.  

– Tom and Ellen Zappala, The Cracker Jack Collection: Baseball's Prized Players. For more information on their book and/or to order a copy at a special PSA discount, visit

Click link to see a complete population breakdown by tobacco brand/back

Condition Census (Explain)

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
1 NM-MT 8
2 NM+ 7.5
3 NM 7 (10)



Grade Most Recent Price Average Price SMR Price Population POP Higher
GEM - MT 10
MINT 9 $5,850.00
NM - MT 8 $3,600.00 $3,600.00 $2,300.00 1
NM 7 $700.00 4 1
EX - MT 6 $180.50 $180.50 $290.00 5 6
EX 5 $151.49 $151.49 $150.00 19 11
VG - EX 4 $77.66 $77.66 $85.00 24 31
VG 3 $50.00 20 56
GOOD 2 $32.00 8 76
FR 1.5 84
PR 1 $16.00 5 84
Auth 89


Date Price Grade Lot # Auction House Auction/Seller Type Cert
09/10/2019 $78 4 401867362332 eBay pwcc_auctions Auction 30778940
07/22/2019 $3,600 8 81851 Heritage Auctions 2019 July 18 - 20 Summer Sports Card Catalog Auction Auction 40344955
06/09/2018 $61 4 192557239769 eBay fenwayfaithful2004 Auction 30506721
04/09/2018 $151 5 253495792442 eBay geopoto Auction 11734296
06/12/2017 $45 4 361997622021 eBay probstein123 Auction 06500616
04/10/2017 $181 6 132144691618 eBay gregmorriscards Auction 03602274
03/12/2017 $147 5 351995718464 eBay pwcc_auctions Auction 11734296
11/05/2016 $90 4 587 Goodwin and Co. Auctions Masterpieces and Uncommon Commons LXVIII Auction 06500616
07/28/2016 $227 6 80195 Heritage Auctions 2016 July 28 The 1909-11 T206 White Border PSA S... Jul 28, 2016 Auction 31266498