1915 Cracker Jack

Heinie Groh

1915 Cracker Jack 159 Heinie Groh

Henry Knight “Heinie” Groh

Born: September 18, 1889 - Rochester, NY
Died: August 22, 1968 - Cincinnati, OH
Batted: RH
Threw: RH
Position: 3B/2B
Career BA: .292
Managerial Record: 7–3

New York Giants NL (1912–1913, 1922–1926)
Cincinnati Reds NL (1913–1921, player-manager: 1918)
Pittsburgh Pirates NL (1927)

One of the best third baseman of the Deadball Era, Heinie Groh was certainly given consideration for our Cracker Jack All-Stars Team. With a solid .292 lifetime batting average and very good defensive numbers, Groh led the National League in various categories over his 16-year big-league career. At one time or another, he was league leader in on-base percentage, runs, doubles, hits, and walks; and he was near the top in batting average on a couple occasions.

The diminutive 5-foot, 6-inch Groh had such small hands that he needed custom made bats to accommodate his small grip. The “bottle bat,” featuring a thicker barrel and thinner handle than normal, was designed for Groh and he became a holy terror with the bat. Groh’s best years were with the Reds where in 1918 he batted a lofty .320 and took over as manager at the end of the season when Christy Mathewson left to join Uncle Sam. He starred in the 1919 World Series against the infamous Black Sox, and in 1922 he had an outstanding Series against the Yanks, batting .474 in the five-game set. Groh also played on three other pennant-winning teams: the 1923 and 1924 Giants, and the 1927 Pirates.

There are not many third basemen in the history of the game that surpass Groh as a fielder, especially if you take into consideration the equipment and playing surfaces of his day. As a third baseman, Groh led the league in putouts three times and fielding percentage five times. After a knee injury in 1924, Groh essentially became a part-time player during his last three Major League seasons. He went on to manage in the minors and scouted for the Giants, Dodgers and the Phillies until 1953. The little guy with the big stick, Heinie Groh deserves another look by the Hall of Fame.  

– Tom and Ellen Zappala, The Cracker Jack Collection: Baseball's Prized Players. For more information on their book and/or to order a copy at a special PSA discount, visit http://crackerjackplayers.com/PSA_order.html

Card Number PR 1 Good 2 VG 3 VG-EX 4 EX 5 EX-MT 6 NM 7 NM-MT 8 MT 9
159 $14 $28 $46 $75 $135 $200 $315 $625 $2,400
Auth 1Q 1 1.5Q 1.5 2Q 2 2.5 3Q 3 3.5 4Q 4 4.5 5Q 5 5.5 6Q 6 6.5 7Q 7 7.5 8Q 8 8.5 9Q 9 10 Total
1 1 2 1 6 6 10 6 8 13 1 55
Condition Census (Explain)
Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MINT 9
2 NM-MT 8 (13)
Public Auctions
Grade Price Date Firm Sale Lot #
NM 7 $236 May-2015 Mile High Card Company November 2010 282
NM 7 $560 Oct-2014 Goodwin and Co. Auctions Masterpieces and Uncommon Commons XV 51
NM-MT 8 $747 Oct-2014 Goodwin and Co. Auctions Masterpieces and Uncommon Commons XXI 177
NM-MT 8 $639 Apr-2005 Memory Lane, Inc. The Buried Treasure II Card & Memorabilia 48

From The Experts

CRACKER JACK®, the sticky-sweet candy treat, will be a part of our National Pastime forever... and we are reminded of its place in baseball history during the seventh-inning stretch of every game:

Take me out to the ball game.
Take me out with the crowd.
Buy me some peanuts and Cracker Jack,
I don’t care if I never get back,
Let me root, root, root for the home team,
If they don’t win it’s a shame.
For it’s one, two, three strikes, you’re out,
At the old ball game.

Most of us have vivid memories of going to baseball games in our youth and devouring boxes of these caramel-covered treats, leaving our hands so sticky that we felt like Spider-Man for a couple of hours. No, you might not have been able to scale walls like the web-slinging superhero but the Cracker Jack residue could help you snare a foul ball if one was headed your way. It was also helpful when turning the pages of your baseball program at the game.

While many baseball fans can recall the look and taste of the candy, along with the tiny wrapped gift inside each box, most of us were not around when original baseball cards were included in every package. In 1914, Cracker Jack would produce the first of two classic sets. Each inserted card from the 144-card set could be found nestled amongst the syrupy concoction that kids couldn’t wait to get their hands on.

So, of course, each card that found its way into the Cracker Jack boxes was subjected to a host of condition obstacles. The cards bounced around inside the box, covered by an avalanche of candied corn and peanuts. As the temperature rose, the contents became stickier and more hazardous to the trading cards enclosed with the sweet and gooey treats. As a result, the 1914 Cracker Jack issue is terribly difficult to find in high-grade today. How some of these cards survived in presentable condition is beyond me, but it is clear that some of the best examples must have escaped being subjected to their candy cages. This is also true of other candy and tobacco issues from the first half of the 20th century. Absent rare finds of unblemished examples, ones that were never placed into the product packages, most of these types of cards are found in mid-to-lower grades.

In 1915, Cracker Jack continued planting Shoeless Joes, Ty Cobbs, Christy Mathewsons and the like inside their boxes, but they also offered the public an opportunity to acquire a complete set with an accompanying album, in exchange for coupons, to house the cards that avoided the minefield of sugar. This offer, the first major “factory set” offer of its kind, has helped to ensure that beautiful specimens could reach collectors today.

It is virtually impossible to locate high-grade copies from the 1914 set but, while still challenging and larger at 176 cards, the 1915 Cracker Jack set is one that the collector can actually assemble in top condition if they possess the financial wherewithal to do so. Ironically, despite being technically easier to find in high grade, the 1915 cards actually sold for more than their 1914 counterparts for a long time. Many collectors dared not try to collect the 1914 set. The difficulty operated as a deterrent so, in turn, more collectors flocked towards the technically more attainable 1915 set.

It was only recently, perhaps the last several years, that collectors began fully appreciating the great disparity in scarcity. As a result, collectors began paying stronger prices for the 1914 Cracker Jack cards across the board. There were always great price premiums paid for key cards, such as the 1914 Christy Mathewson (pitching pose) card, but the premiums now applied to all the cards in the set.

At the time of this writing, the legendary 1914 and 1915 Cracker Jack baseball card issues were approaching their 100th anniversary. While not considered part of The Big Three baseball sets in the hobby, which includes the classic 1909–1911 T206, 1933 Goudey and 1952 Topps issues, the Cracker Jack cards would arguably round out The Big Four if the list was expanded. Some would argue the Cracker Jack issue should be part of The Big Three. One thing is certain, the cards have always been desirable.

The Cracker Jack issue, which is loaded with great stars from the period, is one of the most eye-appealing releases ever manufactured. The distinct poses, which lie against the rich, red background, provide some of the best visuals ever captured on cardboard. From the ferocity in Ty Cobb’s gaze to the regal portrait of Christy Mathewson to the joyous look on Shoeless Joe Jackson’s face prior to the Black Sox scandal, many collectors feel that this set provides some of the finest-looking cards known of many of its featured figures.

There was one major star who could have been included in the 1915 release but didn't make the cut. This man was a young pitcher for the Boston Red Sox who made his debut in 1914. First, he became the most dominant left-hander on the mound but, once he was sent to the New York Yankees in 1920, he became the most dangerous hitter at the plate. Yes, you guessed it, Babe Ruth. Falling under the heading of “what could have been,” a mainstream Babe Ruth rookie card could have appeared in the set, but it wasn’t meant to be.

If the Cracker Jack Ruth rookie card had ever been made, there is no doubt it would be one of the most coveted and valuable cards in the entire hobby. Prior to 1948, there weren’t what most collectors would describe as “mainstream sets” produced each year. Many great players like Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig did not have official rookie cards, at least the way we define rookie cards today. There are two rookie-era Ruth cards and both are worth a tremendous amount of money. In 1914, Ruth appeared on a Minor League card as a member of the Baltimore Orioles. This Baltimore News card has fetched well into six figures with the highest price ever paid exceeding $500,000 in 2008.

Ruth’s first appearance as a Major Leaguer came in the black and white M101-5 and M101-4 Sporting News sets, which are now both believed to have been released in 1916. Several copies of that Ruth card, in various grades, have sold for in excess of $100,000 during the past several years. The Cracker Jack Babe Ruth rookie card may not exist but, as collectors, we can still dream.

As long as the hobby exists, Cracker Jack baseball cards will remain a part of the collecting fabric. Their link to the classic American confection, their stunning eye-appeal and fantastic player selection have made these tiny time capsules one of the most desired card productions of all time

- Joe Orlando: The Cracker Jack Collection: Baseball’s Prized Players